Australian Koolie Dog Breed Guide

australian koolie dog breed guide

Herding sheep and moving cattle, the Australian Koolie, also called Koolie, is a working dog known for its speed and stamina. This is a great family dog as it is loving and kind to its owners.

With a history of lasting less than 200 years, the Koolie is a relatively new breed. A blue merle Collie and a black and tan Collie crossed to create this breed. German immigrants in Australia gave the breed its name as they couldn’t pronounce ‘collie’ and named their dogs ‘coolies’ as a substitute.

Australian Koolie Dog Breed Overview:

australian koolie dog breed

Australian Koolies are medium in size dogs which weigh between 9 and 20 kilograms and range between 40 and 60 centimeters in height. They are powerful and have a rigid, straight posture. Their eyes, which match the color of their coat and mouth, are popular for being either blue or brown and for having one of the two colors.

Their ears are loose and rectangular, but when the dog concentrates, they will stand erect. The Koolie coat comes in a number of variants, short and smooth like the original Scottish blue merle Collies, long like the Border Collie, short like the working Kelpie,  and medium in size like the German Tiger. 

Weight 15 to 22 Kgs
Height 14 to 24 Inches
Lifespan 12 to 19 Years
Coat Colors Red, chocolate, black and white, black, red and white, tri colored red or black with white markings and brown points
Size Medium
Suitable Owners Active families, active singles, and families having a house with a yard
Group Working, herding, and sport
Temperament Intelligent, sweet-natured, devoted, active, energetic, and hard-working
Litter Size 4 to 6 Puppies
Similar Breeds Australian Cattle Dog and Australian Kelpie
Type Purebred
Coat Short Double Coat
Price $800 to $1000 USD
Australian Koolie Dog Breed Overview

Some Quick Facts about Australian Koolie:

  • It’s almost impossible to find Koolies outside of Australia.
  • They have a life expectancy of up to 18 years.
  • Some bi-coloured Koolies have been mistaken for Border Collies and the solid red or black Koolie is often mistaken for Kelpies.
  • They are most friendly to cats.

History of Australian Koolie Dog Breed:

Because early German men brought the breed’s ancestors to Australia, the Koolie is also known as the German Koolie. Back until the 1800s, the German Koolie was a useful working breed. But one of them accidentally crossed with an Australian wild dog, the dingo.

An Australian outback working breed with short coats that are perfect for the heat conditions was produced by this mating. The breed soon got popular and was used to create other Australian working breeds, such as the Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Kelpie.

Temperament of The Australian Koolie Dog Breed:

australian koolie

Australian Koolie dogs enjoy a lot of energy and need to be engaged and exercised daily. They are eager to help their master, productive, and hardworking. They are highly popular as outstanding working dogs in Australia and Europe because of their amazing stock collection and herding skills.

They are also known for having an excellent sense of smell, which helps them find missing cattle in rural areas. This makes them highly valuable, especially for cattle producers. In a few cases, they may even be trained to serve as sniffer dogs.

They are rarely hostile and are kind, relaxed and fun-loving. They get well along with kids and other pets and animals. Their loving nature and this make them great pets and friends.

These make great watch or security dogs and are good for activities like jumping steps or pet therapy because of their intelligence, focus, trainability, and obedient mindset. While they rarely attack, they will bark to let their master know if they see anything strange.

They perform better outdoors because of their great level of stamina. They need regular walks and a lot of activity. This not only improves excellent health but also removes extra energy, which if not used well may turn dangerous. They like company and are very scared when left alone for a long amount of time.

Food and Diet Requirements of Australian Koolie Dog Breed:

small australian koolie

As Koolies are such active and energetic dogs, feeding them well is important for maintaining their strength and health. Medium-sized dogs are best suited for an efficient breed formula because of their size.

To avoid obesity cases, pet owners should control feeding portions. It is highly recommended to feed them foods high in proteins and carbs to satisfy their high energy needs and to support their ongoing state of muscle growth and repair. Their daily calorie intake may be met with 2.5 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food split into 2 meals. They can obtain vital minerals, vitamins, and tiny elements by supplementing with veggies and fish oils.

Exercise Needs of Australian Koolie Dog Breed:

The Koolie is a working breed that has a lot of strength and stamina. This breed needs lots of space and time to run outside, and also a lengthy daily walk. When they don’t get enough exercise, they often begin to act aggressively. The life span of the dog can also be increased through sufficient activity. You have to continue giving your dog active playtime and walks in parks and other natural areas.

The Koolie was traditionally raised to labor on the farms and ranches of early settlers, herd cattle, and fight against invaders. It was a real homesteader dog. The Koolie is an active, joyful dog that is comparable to a real outside dog in many ways. This dog wouldn’t fit well in a small apartment if you put them in there. The most advantageous thing for them to have in a house is lots of room. A fenced yard will be much better and a Koolie can use all of their extra energy playing and running there.

Australian Koolie Puppies:

australian koolie puppies

All dog breeds show their highest level of sensitivity in their earliest years. They are also the cutest, of course and koolie puppies are not different even at this small size, they are quite beautiful. This will bring a lot of curious cuddlers and reckless hands. 

A puppy may sustain harm from improper handling, especially possible trauma. Puppies are often scared by large gatherings, loud noises, and harsh treatment. They may have worry and excessive anxiety. During Koolie’s early, sensitive days, stay clear of crowded areas and noisy kids.

How to Train Australian Koolie?

Sometimes koolies may be dominating, which is something you should deal with immediately if your puppy shows this behavior. When these situations arise, you should start teaching your dog to follow you about the house or when you go for walks. By doing this, you could teach your puppy to respect you as the leader. Since it will later come to believe that you are its ‘leader’ and in charge of its actions, a follower puppy will feel secure.

The Koolie breed is extremely brilliant, and typically responsive to learning. These dogs flourish in many dog sports, such as obedience, flexibility, herding, and more. They also like having a task to complete and they react well to a firm and steady hand in leadership and works best with reinforcement training. Remember that in order to keep your dog from becoming bored, you may have to reduce your training sessions.

Grooming Needs of Australian Koolie Dog Breed:

australian koolie dog

As they have long coats, koolies usually have short to medium-sized coats. Because they are easy to brush and keep clean, dogs with short to medium-sized coats are chosen by most owners. They also seem to carry less grass seed and field debris. But Koolies continue to lose hair, but not as much as other breeds, considering the length of their coat. Because of this, they need less upkeep in terms of grooming. 

Regular washing at least once a month is usually sufficient to avoid a buildup of dirt in your hair, as does weekly brushing with a firm bristle brush. Bathing too often could destroy the beneficial and vital oils from the coat, which make it shiny and healthy.

Dental care is one thing else that has to be looked at, especially for older dogs. Your veterinarian should be visited on a regular basis to maintain your pet’s oral and dental health. Development of plaque and tartar creates a perfect setting for gum disease, or gingivitis, which may affect a person’s capacity to eat and put one at risk for additional diseases like kidney, liver, and heart failure.

Clipping nails should be done rarely or as necessary and dogs with long nails can suffer serious discomfort. They put pressure on the nail bed when they reach the floor, which could cause pain a lot and ultimately change their posture. In serious cases, untreated long nails can cause the toe joints to realign, giving an appearance that the feet are spread and flattened. This changes their distribution of weight, making them more prone to accidents and making walking and running extremely difficult.

Life Expectancy of Australian Koolie:

The Koolie has an extremely long lifetime, ranging 12 to 18 years. This tough and reliable breed is famous for its expanded lifespan. If we take into consideration that most dog breeds have an average high lifetime of 15 years, Koolie passes that limit and can live up to 18 years old. In fact, Bluey, an Australian Cattle Dog, held the record for the oldest recorded age in a dog, turning in at 29 years old. It also becomes clear that their lifespan is shared with Koolies because of their close bond.

You could anticipate an actual companion dog that will be at your side for a very long time and have an important part in your life when you take notice that Koolies are loving, intelligent, devoted, and lively dogs. After all, only with your help could a doggo reach such an amazing life expectancy. You must give your pet plenty of attention, such as balanced food, affection, mental stimulation, lots of exercise, and regular veterinary checkups.

Some Facts About Health of Australian Koolie:

It just flows in their blood and genetic code that most herding breeds are tough and lasting since they are bred for a life of outdoor labor. You understand how this designer breed can end up being an extremely healthy doggo when you take note that hybrid breeds are also highly adaptable and inherit just the greatest qualities from their parents.

The Koolie breed has an above average lifetime and is healthy and strong. This is mainly because the gene pool of the dog is so changed. Few genetic health issues affect it and the breed is prone to some illnesses. These might include skin allergies, hip dysplasia, and problems with joints.

But don’t be fooled into believing that they are durable or unaffected by anything. To be strong and lasting, they will require your care and attention. This involves nutritious food, lots of physical activity and brain stimulation, regular veterinary examinations, and lots of love. These are what’s needed for a healthy, happy dog that can grow to its maximum potential. 

Are Australian Koolies Good For Families?

Koolies are wonderful playmates and friends for kids because of their kind, tolerant, playful, and moderate mindset. Children love Koolies, and vice versa. They have as much stamina as children who are high on sugar. 

They really like running, playing, and having fun with children outside. They bark to warn off strangers or thieves and serve as safeguarding watch dogs. If they are educated all over their puppyhood, they get attached to other animals and are not aggressive towards people.

But like other dogs, playing with kids needs to be observed. Sometimes their phenomenal levels of strength and stamina might get more out of them. During playing, they might get overly excited and knock tiny young children. They also have an image for being bossy and for chasing kids and other pets.

Australian Koolie can be a good choice for families but if you are searching for an excellent family dog, then there are many options available instead of choosing Australian Koolie.

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